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Muslims of Europe The ‘Other’ Europeans$
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H. A. Hellyer

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780748639472

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748639472.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 27 September 2021

Muslims in Europe: Precedent and Present

Muslims in Europe: Precedent and Present

(p.101) 4 Muslims in Europe: Precedent and Present
Muslims of Europe The ‘Other’ Europeans

H. A. Hellyer

Edinburgh University Press

Muslim history in Europe has a rather long, albeit complicated, tenure. As a result of this, there are many Muslim communities left in eastern, southern and northern Europe, while the majority in the west (such as those in the United Kingdom, France and the Netherlands) are of more recent origin, owing to migration from former colonies or to recruitment drives resulting from labour shortages (as in Germany, Sweden and Denmark). Conversions to Islam are also on the rise, showing that Muslims are a growing and self-evident reality in the European landscape, and one which presents particular challenges and problems. Across the European Union, the greatest challenge to emerging definitions of pluralism and to ways of coping with it invariably comes from Muslim communities. This chapter shows that the Muslim presence is not recent, but has a long history in European societies. From the Middle Ages through pre-modernity to the present day, Muslims have played a considerable role in the development of European thought and culture.

Keywords:   Muslims, Europe, Islam, France, Denmark, European Union, pluralism, history, culture, United Kingdom

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