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The Gods of Ancient GreeceIdentities and Transformations$
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Jan Bremmer and Andrew Erskine

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780748637980

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748637980.001.0001

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Transforming Artemis: From the Goddess of the Outdoors to City Goddess

Transforming Artemis: From the Goddess of the Outdoors to City Goddess

(p.209) 11 Transforming Artemis: From the Goddess of the Outdoors to City Goddess
The Gods of Ancient Greece

Jan N. Bremmer

Andrew Erskine

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter analyses the representation of the goddess Artemis in Archaic (Homer, Hesiod), Classical (tragedy) and Hellenistic literature, tracing and explaining the changes in the depiction of the goddess and in her role in Greek religious life. Whereas in Archaic and Classical literature she appears primarily as a goddess of uncivilized nature, Hellenistic poets - especially Callimachus - stress her position in city life and even portray her as a goddess of justice. Thus the nature of the goddess and her place in the Greek pantheon seem to change in the Hellenistic period, and this paper addresses the way in which these changes in cult are apparent in literature.

Keywords:   Artemis, Goddesses, Callimachus, Homer, Hesiod, City, Tragedy, Justice

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