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Language Planning as a Sociolinguistic ExperimentThe Case of Modern Norwegian$
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Ernst Jahr

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780748637829

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748637829.001.0001

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Summary and concluding remarks

Summary and concluding remarks

(p.164) Chapter 9 Summary and concluding remarks
Language Planning as a Sociolinguistic Experiment

Ernst Håkon Jahr

Edinburgh University Press

The final chapter sums up the book, with two major conclusions: 1. Far-reaching results of language planning are possible if the planning is consistant with the dominant contemporary ideology. This happened during the nationalist period 1814-1917, which must be viewed as a successful period. 2. If language planning involves crossing important sociolinguistic boundaries, it will need extensive backing from a powerful political movement in order to succeed. From 1917 to 1966, during the sociopolitical period, language planning policy of this type was attempted, but did not succeed. The pan-Norwegian language planning policy was terminated 2002. This decision by Parliament ended the country’s attempt to develop a merged written standard, and thus accepted a permanent two-standard situation. As for the spoken language, wide-spread dialect use continues unabated to this day and is generally seen as normal linguistic behaviour. All this suggests that linguistically, Norway will continue as a special case into the forseeable future.

Keywords:   limits of language planning, pan-Norwegian policy, Norway special case linguistically, permanent two-standard situation, dialect use as normal linguistic behaviour

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