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Language Planning as a Sociolinguistic ExperimentThe Case of Modern Norwegian$
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Ernst Jahr

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780748637829

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748637829.001.0001

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The end of the single-standard policy (1966–2002): reforms in 1981 and 2005 (for Bokmål) and 2012 (for Nynorsk)

The end of the single-standard policy (1966–2002): reforms in 1981 and 2005 (for Bokmål) and 2012 (for Nynorsk)

Chapter:
(p.149) Chapter 8 The end of the single-standard policy (1966–2002): reforms in 1981 and 2005 (for Bokmål) and 2012 (for Nynorsk)
Source:
Language Planning as a Sociolinguistic Experiment
Author(s):

Ernst Håkon Jahr

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9780748637829.003.0008

The ‘Language Peace Commission’ recommended, amongst other things, the establishment of a Language Council (from 1972). The dismantlement of the pan-Norwegian policy that started in the late 1950s manifested concrete results in the Bokmål reforms of 1981 and 2005. Most of the upper-class forms that were made non-standard in 1938 were again made part of standard Bokmål. A Nynorsk reform followed in 2012. Parliament officially terminated the pan-Norwegian language planning policy in 2002. The sociolinguistic experiment with elements ‘from below’, rural and urban low-status dialects being elevated into standard Bokmål, did not achieve the necessary political and public support. Thus, Parliament has accepted a permanent two-standard situation, two written standards as the norm – opposite to the policy of Parliament from 1915 onwards, which had been to achieve one single pan-Norwegian written standard through language planning.

Keywords:   two-standard situation, one-standard strategy, termination of pan-Norwegian policy 2002, Bokmål reforms 1981 and 2005, Nynorsk reform 2012

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