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Language Planning as a Sociolinguistic ExperimentThe Case of Modern Norwegian$
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Ernst Jahr

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780748637829

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748637829.001.0001

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The Language Question Becomes A Major Political Issue: 1860–1907

The Language Question Becomes A Major Political Issue: 1860–1907

Chapter:
(p.57) Chapter 4 The Language Question Becomes A Major Political Issue: 1860–1907
Source:
Language Planning as a Sociolinguistic Experiment
Author(s):

Ernst Håkon Jahr

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9780748637829.003.0004

Aasen’s and Knudsen’s programmes, representing conflicting sociolinguistic bases, contained an inherently explosive sociolinguistic opposition: while Aasen’s programme had its social basis among the peasants, the social origin of Knudsen’s programme was amongst the upper classes. The upper classes saw no reason to change the Danish standard inherited from the time of the union. Slowly however, Knudsen’s language programme became more acceptable. When the Landsmaal policy (Aasen’s programme) became directly threatening following important political victories by the Landsmaal movement, e.g. in 1878 (when dialect use was allowed and encouraged in schools), and in 1885 (with the ‘Language Equality Resolution’), more people realized that something had to be done to meet the imminent threat of a sociolinguistic revolution. The social and national struggle continued into the early 20th century, though over time the struggle changed in character. In 1901, the authorities authorised the first official Landsmaal standard.

Keywords:   conflicting sociolinguistic bases, Landsmaal movement, Landsmaal policy, threatening sociolinguistic revolution, Language Equality Resolution 1885, first official Landsmaal standard 1901

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