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Language Planning as a Sociolinguistic ExperimentThe Case of Modern Norwegian$
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Ernst Jahr

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780748637829

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748637829.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 27 May 2020

Land and people, language and language planning

Land and people, language and language planning

Chapter:
Chapter 1 (p.1) Land and people, language and language planning
Source:
Language Planning as a Sociolinguistic Experiment
Author(s):

Ernst Håkon Jahr

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9780748637829.003.0001

The first chapter forms the introduction to the book. Modern Norway stands out linguistically as unique in the European context. First, it has for more than a century maintained two written standards of the same language; and, second, popular dialects have been and are in use everywhere in society, even in Parliament and among Government members. This book gives an explanation for how such a situation could emerge and develop. It invites the reader to reflect on the limits of language planning and especially the sociolinguistic and sociopolitical boundaries within which language planning can operate and be successful. The chapter gives a short survey of Norway’s history, land and people, and a presentation of Haugen’s 1966 model of language planning. Three periods of Norwegian language planning are identified: 1814-1917 (the nationalist period), 1917-66 (the sociopolitical period), and 1966-2002 (the transition period from a single standard strategy (1814-1966) to a two-standard strategy (from 2002)).

Keywords:   two written standards of the same language, dialect use in society, limits of language planning, sociolinguistic boundaries, Haugen’s 1966 model of language planning, three periods of Norwegian language planning

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