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Public Violence in Islamic SocietiesPower, Discipline, and the Construction of the Public Sphere, 7th-19th Centuries CE$
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Christian Lange and Maribel Fierro

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780748637317

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748637317.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 26 May 2020

Violence in Islamic societies through the eyes of non-Muslim travellers: Morocco in the 19th and early 20th centuries

Violence in Islamic societies through the eyes of non-Muslim travellers: Morocco in the 19th and early 20th centuries

Chapter:
(p.276) 13 Violence in Islamic societies through the eyes of non-Muslim travellers: Morocco in the 19th and early 20th centuries
Source:
Public Violence in Islamic Societies
Author(s):

Manuela Marín

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9780748637317.003.0014

This chapter aims to examine the work of Spanish travellers to Morocco during the 19th and early 20th centuries. It aims to analyse their views on the ‘public display on violence’. Thus, the chapter deals with material generated outside Muslim societies, and with a period marked by the European threat towards Morocco, which finally lost its independence at the beginning of the 20th century and became a ‘protectorate’ of France and Spain in 1912. In general, travel accounts are not objective, although many travellers claim to be exact on their descriptions and fair in their opinions. The Spanish travellers examined in this chapter are no exception to this rule. Many of their descriptions and views on Morocco and the Moroccan ways of life are heavily influenced by the circumstances of their time and by their personal attitudes. Their descriptions of public violence were derived from a frame of mind they all share: violence is at the core of the Moroccan society, because it is a Muslim society. Public display of violence in Morocco is ruthless and chaotic compared to the organized control of violence in Western societies. This and other similar arguments were the general trend in European literature to justify the Spanish intervention in Moroccan politics and by those who called for colonial action against Morocco.

Keywords:   Spanish travellers, Morocco, violence, travel accounts, public violence

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