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The Minaret$
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Jonathan M. Bloom

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780748637256

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748637256.001.0001

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The Minaret after the Mongol Conquests

The Minaret after the Mongol Conquests

(p.275) Chapter Eleven The Minaret after the Mongol Conquests
The Minaret

Jonathan M. Bloom

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter discusses the history of the minaret in the vast region stretching east and west from Iran, including the Ottoman Empire, Central Asia, and India. The process by which the tower came to be attached to the mosque, associated with the call to prayer, and then later regarded by Muslims and non-Muslims alike as the symbol of Islam, had largely been accomplished by the middle of the thirteenth century, when the Mongols conquered much of Eurasia and reconfigured the political and visual landscape for most of the region between the Mediterranean and Central Asia. Following the precedent established at the end of the Seljuq period in Iran and Central Asia, pairs and sets of towers were increasingly used to flank portals and façades, and these arrangements were adopted from Anatolia to India and the borders of China.

Keywords:   Islam, mosque, Iran, Ottoman Empire, Central Asia, India, Muslims

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