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Scotland and the Union 1707-2007$
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Tom Devine

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780748635412

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748635412.001.0001

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The Treaty of Union: Made in England

The Treaty of Union: Made in England

(p.54) 4 The Treaty of Union: Made in England
Scotland and the Union 1707-2007
T.M. Devine
Edinburgh University Press

This chapter explores why England became the driving force for the Treaty of Union. The Board of Trade turned out to be the primary passage for carrying the antipathies of English diplomatic and colonial officials towards what they thought to be the rogue behaviour of the Scots. Scottish commercial networks were transformed from being regarded as important disruptors of trade to a new role as potential pillars of British Empire. Different means of coercive persuasion are then elaborated. The English ministry summoned its troops on the borders and across the North Channel in Ireland. Scottish commerce had been hit badly by strengthened Navigation Acts. The Union promptly came under threat before it even came into force. It gave Scotland free access to the largest commercial market. The fortunes of the Union have been umbilically connected to the British Empire.

Keywords:   Treaty of Union, England, Board of Trade, British Empire, Scottish commerce, Navigation Acts

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