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Exploring Environmental HistorySelected Essays$
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T. C. Smout

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780748635139

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748635139.001.0001

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Energy Rich, Energy Poor: Scotland, Ireland and Iceland, 1600–1800*

Energy Rich, Energy Poor: Scotland, Ireland and Iceland, 1600–1800*

(p.113) CHAPTER 7 Energy Rich, Energy Poor: Scotland, Ireland and Iceland, 1600–1800*
Exploring Environmental History

T. C. Smout

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter argues that pre-industrial Scotland and Ireland were energy rich, in that they had available to them extremely abundant supplies of usable energy, but that Iceland was energy poor. On the other hand, the energy wealth of Ireland and Scotland was often reduced by inescapable inefficiencies in utilisation. This meant that they were good places for many people to live, but not necessarily for many people to live well. It is convenient to divide the subject into three parts: agricultural energy, domestic fuel energy, and industrial energy.

Keywords:   energy supply, energy utilization, agricultural energy, domestic fuel energy, industrial energy

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