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Border Liberties and LoyaltiesNorth-East England, c. 1200 to c. 1400$
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Matthew L. Holford and Keith J. Stringer

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780748632787

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748632787.001.0001

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Hexhamshire and Tynemouthshire

Hexhamshire and Tynemouthshire

Chapter:
(p.172) 5 Hexhamshire and Tynemouthshire
Source:
Border Liberties and Loyalties
Author(s):

Matthew Holford

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9780748632787.003.0005

This chapter focuses on the liberties of Hexhamshire and Tynemouthshire. In many respects the liberties of Hexhamshire and Tynemouthshire, held respectively by the archbishop of York and the prior of Tynemouth, had little in common. They were of contrasting geographical character, for Hexhamshire was compact and Tynemouthshire dispersed. Hexhamshire's privileges were substantial and well established; Tynemouthshire's rights, on the other hand, especially from around the 1290s to the 1330s, faced serious challenges from the crown and from the priory's own tenants. The lordship of the absentee archbishops of York was rarely oppressive or resented, whereas successive priors of Tynemouth alienated many of their more substantial tenants. The contrasts are great: but it is these contrasts that justify analysis of the two liberties together. Above all, their divergent stories show clearly how the impact of liberties on local society was determined by the complex interactions of lordship and jurisdictional privilege.

Keywords:   liberties, Hexhamshire, Tynemouthshire, lordships, jurisdictional privilege, local society

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