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Border Liberties and LoyaltiesNorth-East England, c. 1200 to c. 1400$
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Matthew L. Holford and Keith J. Stringer

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780748632787

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748632787.001.0001

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Conclusions and Wider Perspectives

Conclusions and Wider Perspectives

(p.413) Conclusions and Wider Perspectives
Border Liberties and Loyalties

Matthew Holford

Keith Stringer

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter presents some concluding thoughts from. Each of the liberties considered in the preceding chapters had a distinct history contingent on disparities in their institutional status and a wide range of other variables. All were affected in some way by Anglo-Scottish warfare from 1296; but Tynedale and Redesdale, because of their frontier positions, were inevitably the most exposed to Border conflict. While the diverse experiences of individual liberties do require emphasis, their histories are not without shared themes and trends, and some wider conclusions and observations are warranted. These can be grouped under three general (and interrelated) topics: liberties and the ‘state’; liberties, lordship and local society; and liberties, identities and communities.

Keywords:   liberties, Tynedale, Redesdale, Anglo-Scottish warfare, state, lordship, local society, identities, communities

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