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Border Liberties and LoyaltiesNorth-East England, c. 1200 to c. 1400$
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Matthew L. Holford and Keith J. Stringer

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780748632787

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748632787.001.0001

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Durham: Government, Administration and the Local Community

Durham: Government, Administration and the Local Community

(p.58) 2 Durham: Government, Administration and the Local Community
Border Liberties and Loyalties

Matthew Holford

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter examines ‘the community of the liberty’, particularly in relation to the liberty's institutions and government. Historical and cultural traditions were fundamental to the development of Durham's privileges, and also provided a strong basis for identification and loyalty through the ‘imagined communities’ of the Haliwerfolk or ‘the community of the bishopric between Tyne and Tees’. Equally, however, these imagined communities had a complex relationship to facts on the ground; and in particular the wapentake of Sadberge had an ambivalent relationship to the liberty as a whole. It is shown that the wapentake's ambiguous status was also reflected in the bishopric's government and administration.

Keywords:   liberty, community, institutions, government, imagined communities, Haliwerfolk, Tyne and Tees, bishopric, wapentake

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