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The United States and Iraq since 1979Hegemony, Oil and War$
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Steven Hurst

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780748627677

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748627677.001.0001

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Things Fall Apart, 2003–2008

Things Fall Apart, 2003–2008

(p.182) Chapter 6 Things Fall Apart, 2003–2008
The United States and Iraq since 1979

Steven Hurst

Edinburgh University Press

The final chapter discusses how and why the Bush administration's grand ambitions turned to dust. Having taken no account of the existence, or lack of them, of the preconditions for democracy in Iraq, and having failed utterly to prepare for a prolonged occupation, the Bush administration's decision to invade precipitated chaos in Iraq. State collapse was followed by a descent into anarchy and escalating sectarian warfare that the USA and its allies were seemingly powerless to contain. After three years of failed policies a change of course in 2007–2008 did bring improvements, but at the end of George W. Bush's term of office Iraq remained a state perched on the brink of a return to sectarian warfare and America's position in the Persian Gulf remained as precarious and problematic as ever.

Keywords:   George W. Bush, Dick Cheney, Donald Rumsfeld, Occupation, Insurgency, Iraqi Governing Council, Paul Bremer, The Surge, Malaki

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