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Sweden, the Swastika and StalinThe Swedish experience in the Second World War$
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John Gilmour

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780748627462

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748627462.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 14 October 2019

Security, Subversion, Spies and Sabotage

Security, Subversion, Spies and Sabotage

(p.133) 7 Security, Subversion, Spies and Sabotage
Sweden, the Swastika and Stalin

John Gilmour

Edinburgh University Press

One of the benefits for the Allies of Swedish neutrality and independence was the ability of agents based in Sweden to gather intelligence from, and support resistance in, occupied Europe while all the belligerents gathered intelligence in Sweden. The Swedish authorities were initially extremely nervous about Danish and Norwegian nationals operating as agents on Swedish territory. Sweden rightly anticipated proxy conflicts on Swedish territory or being used as a base for unauthorised armed operations against German forces in occupied Denmark and Norway. There seems to have been a certain amount of clandestine warfare between German agents and Norwegian agents in Stockholm leading to death as well as injury. During 1939–44, almost 2,000 people were arrested for activity against the state with espionage and intelligence activity accounting for 60 per cent, sabotage forming just over 11 per cent and the remaining 29 per cent detained on miscellaneous associated charges.

Keywords:   SOE and Resistance, Sicherheitsdienst, Gestapo and Heydrich, MI6 or SIS, OSS, Centralen, Comintern, Allmanna Säkerhetstjänsten or AS, Intelligence, Sabotage

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