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Academic Patronage in the Scottish EnlightenmentGlasgow, Edinburgh and St Andrews Universities$
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Roger L. Emerson

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780748625963

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625963.001.0001

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Surgical and Medical Chairs

Surgical and Medical Chairs

(p.273) 11 Surgical and Medical Chairs
Academic Patronage in the Scottish Enlightenment

Roger L. Emerson

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter discusses the patronage of the medical chairs which was a more complicated matter because there were more interests to consider. It observes that deference was shown to the assessments of competence made by practitioners but a candidate's politics and his connections were always of interest. It opines that surgeons and physicians, like writers and advocates, the University and the town, had corporate interests to protect, as the numbers of medical students increased to become of great economic importance. It reports that by the end of the eighteenth century, the medical school in Edinburgh had brought well over a million pounds to the city's economy. It notes that the Council preserved its right to create chairs teaching the same subjects as the regius professorships created by the Crown, which meant the livings could be made worthless if the Crown's appointees were not liked.

Keywords:   medical chairs, politics, surgeons, Edinburgh, regius professorships, Crown

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