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The Cinema of Small Nations$
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Mette Hjort and Duncan Petrie

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780748625369

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625369.001.0001

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(p.144) 8. Taiwan
The Cinema of Small Nations

Mette Hjort

Duncan Petrie

Edinburgh University Press

Despite having numerous demographic and geographical advantages, and despite the numerous international awards won by directors in the Taiwanese New Cinema and after, many in Taiwan are obsessed with how Taiwan failed to have a thriving commercial film industry like occurred in Hong Kong. This chapter argues that the main culprit was not so much the failures of the local film industry as it was government polices from 1949 all the way to the present. A healthy local film industry was not the highest priority under the old authoritarian system of the KMT; rather, the key issue was mere control. Moreover, government polices allowed Hong Kong to dominate for decades in what became the colony's most important overseas market. Likewise, to this day the government has done little to protect the local film industry, what little remains of it. Instead, the doors were opened completely to Hollywood product in exchange for entry into the WTO. In short, Taiwan's film industry remains an industry in name only. Taiwanese cinema is largely restricted to festival accolades with almost no domestic production or market to speak of.

Keywords:   Taiwan, Hong Kong, Film Industry, CMPC, Government Policies, Assistance & Guidance Grant, WTO

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