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The Cinema of Small Nations$
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Mette Hjort and Duncan Petrie

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780748625369

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625369.001.0001

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(p.23) 1. Denmark
The Cinema of Small Nations

Mette Hjort

Duncan Petrie

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter examines the factors that have allowed Danish film professionals to produce a leading small national cinema over the past few decades. Cultural policy and artistic leadership are seen as having played an especially important role. Initiatives (such as New Danish Screen and the 50/50 scheme) introduced by the Danish Film Institute under the leadership of Henning Camre are shown to have created the conditions for a vibrant film sector. These initiatives worked in synergy with the artistic projects that filmmaker Lars von Trier mounted as complements to official film policy developments. Especially significant in this regard is Von Trier's commitment to a “gift culture” approach, one involving collaboration and gifts of skill and reputation.

Keywords:   Cultural policy, artistic leadership, Henning Camre, Lars von Trier, “gift culture”, New Danish Screen, 50/50 scheme

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