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Jennifer Hay and Margaret A. Maclagan

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780748625291

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625291.001.0001

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The Origins of New Zealand English

The Origins of New Zealand English

(p.84) 5 The Origins of New Zealand English
New Zealand English

Jennifer Hay

Margaret Maclagan

Elizabeth Gordon

Edinburgh University Press

The European settlement of New Zealand is usually dated from 1840, which was the year that Maori and Europeans signed the Treaty of Waitangi. New Zealand English (NZE) has, therefore, developed and evolved over a period of about 150 years. The date is significant because the beginning of European settlement in New Zealand is recent enough for the early stages of NZE to be studied in a way that was impossible for those studying other earlier varieties of native-speaker English, such as American English or Australian English. This chapter discusses NZE and Cockney, NZE and Australia, NZE and new-dialect formation, early written records, spoken NZE data, four early New Zealand speakers from the Mobile Unit archive, evidence from spoken data, and theories about the origins and development of NZE.

Keywords:   European settlement, Cockney, Australian English, new-dialect formation, NZE

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