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Rituals of Islamic MonarchyAccession and Succession in the First Muslim Empire$
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Andrew Marsham

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780748625123

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625123.001.0001

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Sufyanid Accession and Succession, c. 660–683

Sufyanid Accession and Succession, c. 660–683

(p.86) Chapter 4 Sufyanid Accession and Succession, c. 660–683
Rituals of Islamic Monarchy

Andrew Marsham

Edinburgh University Press

The evidence for caliphal accession and succession became plentiful after the victory of the Marwanid Umayyads in the second civil war (683–92). However, what evidence there is for the Sufyanid Umayyad period indicates that many aspects of the Marwanid ritual had precedents in late-seventh-century practice. Indeed the reign of Mu،awiya b. Abi Sufyan and his son Yazid can be seen as a period of experimentation with the trappings of Near Eastern monarchy and the prelude to the establishment of a more successful Islamic state by their Marwanid cousins after the second fitna of 683 to 692. This is evident in the account of the rituals of Mu،awiya's accession and in the efforts to establish Yazid b. Mu،awiya as the successor. This chapter examines the Syriac account of Mu،awiya's accession. It also discusses the efforts to secure the succession of Yazid as Mu،awiya's successor. Discussed as well in this chapter are the: Sufyanid accessional ritual and the basis for Sufyanid support; dynastic succession; and succession at the Sufyanid court as seen in poetries of their time.

Keywords:   caliphal accession, succession, Marwanid Umayyads, Sufyanid Umayyad, Mu،awiya's accession, Sufyanid accessional ritual

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