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Rituals of Islamic MonarchyAccession and Succession in the First Muslim Empire$
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Andrew Marsham

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780748625123

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625123.001.0001

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The Outbreak of the Second Ninth-Century Civil War (861–865)

The Outbreak of the Second Ninth-Century Civil War (861–865)

(p.283) Chapter 15 The Outbreak of the Second Ninth-Century Civil War (861–865)
Rituals of Islamic Monarchy

Andrew Marsham

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter discusses the accession of al-Muntasir following the assassination of al-Mutawwakil. Upon asserting his right to caliphate, al-Muntasir secured pledges of the leading notables of Samarra and al-Mutawwakkiliyya. Like the accession of his father, the pledge of allegiance and the ritual of al-Muntasir's did not take place in the mosque. The first chapter discusses the deposition of Al-Mu،tazz and al-Mu،ayyad. Following the accession of al-Muntasir, Al-Mu،tazz and al-Mu،ayyad were forced to abdicate their claims to the caliphate in the public ritual at the Ja،fari palace. Their abdication and deposition led to the freedom of those bound to them by pledges of allegiance. The second section focuses on the accession of al-Musta،in, the grandson of al-Muta،sim. The demise of the puppet caliph al-Muntasir prompted the Turkish commanders to name a new caliph. However the accession of al-Musta،in was faced with opposition and tensions between the ruling Turkish commanders and the Arab and Iranian populace of Samarra. This opposition comprised a large opportunistic element, which exploited the conflict between the commanders to extract donative payments for their acquiesence. The final section discusses the accession of al-Mu،tazz. Due to continuing tensions, the clique that installed al-Musta،in to power collapsed and brought reconfiguration of alliances within the caliphal court and civil war between Baghdad and Samarra. With the caliph in exile, al-Mu،tazz was made caliph. However, the legality of his accession was questioned as it was seen as a violation of the covenant of succession.

Keywords:   al-Muntasir, caliphate, Al-Mu،tazz, al-Mu،ayyad, abdication, al-Musta،in, reconfiguration of alliances, Baghdad and Samarra

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