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Rituals of Islamic MonarchyAccession and Succession in the First Muslim Empire$
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Andrew Marsham

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780748625123

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625123.001.0001

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The Consolidation of Abbasid Power: Al-Manṣūr and Al-Mahdī (754–785)

The Consolidation of Abbasid Power: Al-Manṣūr and Al-Mahdī (754–785)

Chapter:
(p.192) Chapter 10 The Consolidation of Abbasid Power: Al-Manṣūr and Al-Mahdī (754–785)
Source:
Rituals of Islamic Monarchy
Author(s):

Andrew Marsham

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625123.003.0014

This chapter discusses the consolidation of Abbasid power. Al-Mansūr ruled for only twenty-one years and much of his reign was marked by continued upheavals and conflicts. Rebellions in the name of the Prophet broke out in Medina and Basra, and syncretist revolts and unruly Abbasid army punctuated the al-Mansūr caliphate. His reign was directed not only at legitimating a dynasty that had just seized power, but also at containing and directing religious enthusiasm among the troops who installed it. Rivalry also marked the al-Mansūr caliphate. His accession was challenged by his paternal uncle and his nephew ،Isa b. Mūsā b. Muhammad b. ،Ali, who was formally nominated as al-Mansūr's successor. The first section of the chapter discusses the rearrangement of the Abbasid succession. It discusses the taking of bay،ato al-Mahdi (al-Mansūr's son), which placed him ahead of his cousin, Isa b. Mūsā in the succession. The second section focuses on the promulgation of the pledge in the provinces. It discusses the pledge of allegiance of the wider constituency of Muslims in provinces, and the patronage of coinage. The third section discusses the awarding of the bay،a to al-Mahdi in 768. This renewal of pledge of allegiance marked the reconciliation of the rest of the Abbasid family to the promotion of al-Mahdi. The fourth chapter discusses the death of al-Mansūr and the accession of al-Mahdi. Unlike the accession of his father, the accession of al-Mahdi has been fixed for over ten years. The final chapter discusses the succession to Musa al-Mahdi, al-Mahdi's son.

Keywords:   consolidation, Abbasid power, Al-Mansūr, al-Mahdi, Abbasid succession, bay،a

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