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Eleftherios VenizelosThe Trials of Statesmanship$
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Paschalis Kitromilides

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780748624782

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624782.001.0001

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The Experiment of Inclusive Constitutionalism, 1909–32

The Experiment of Inclusive Constitutionalism, 1909–32

(p.251) 8 The Experiment of Inclusive Constitutionalism, 1909–32
Eleftherios Venizelos

Ioannis Tassopoulos

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter discusses Venizelos' constitutional ideals. Popular sovereignty, the rule of law, and effective government were the three pillars of Venizelos' constitutional edifice. Depending on the exigencies of the time, he did on occasion compromise these principles, but he never abandoned them. The chapter is organized as follows. Section II examines the key notion of ‘inclusive constitutionalism’, which is crucial for understanding Venizelos' constitutional philosophy. Subsequent sections trace the rise and fall of Venizelos' option for a more inclusive constitutionalism, in the course of Greece's political history. At the beginning, with his appearance on the Greek political scene in 1909 (Section III), Venizelos was quite moderate on the issue of the regime (that is, the controversy over a monarchical or republican form of government — Sections IV, V). However, in the inter-war years, following the National Schism, Venizelos abandoned the inclusive and conciliatory approach which prevailed in 1909 (Sections VI, VII).

Keywords:   Eleftherios Venizelos, constitutional ideals, popular sovereignty, the rule of law, effective government, Greek political history

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