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Eleftherios VenizelosThe Trials of Statesmanship$
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Paschalis Kitromilides

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780748624782

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624782.001.0001

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Venizelos' Diplomacy, 1910–23: From Balkan Alliance to Greek-Turkish Settlement

Venizelos' Diplomacy, 1910–23: From Balkan Alliance to Greek-Turkish Settlement

(p.134) 5 Venizelos' Diplomacy, 1910–23: From Balkan Alliance to Greek-Turkish Settlement
Eleftherios Venizelos

Michael Llewellyn Smith

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter describes Venizelos' diplomacy and foreign policy, and assess his achievement in the crucial phase of his career which stretched from his assumption of office in Greece in 1910 to the turning point in Greek foreign policy marked by the Treaty of Lausanne. It argues that, though briefly attracted after the Young Turk revolution by the idea of co-existence of the Greek and other Christian minorities with Muslims, in a modernised, multinational Ottoman Empire, he soon developed a foreign policy based on the nationalist premises of the Great Idea. He pursued this by means of internal reform and alliances with the liberal Western powers, until circumstances destroyed it in fire and bloodshed in 1922. This foreign policy was consistent with Venizelos' vision of a modernised, European Greece. The dominant influence of the Great Powers in the Eastern Mediterranean and Balkans, though it sometimes entailed humiliation for Greece, justified Venizelos' willing dependence on them.

Keywords:   Eleftherios Venizelos, foreign policy, diplomacy, Treaty Lausanne

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