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Language and Politics$
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John Joseph

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780748624522

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624522.001.0001

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Conclusion: Power, hegemony and choices

Conclusion: Power, hegemony and choices

(p.136) Chapter 7 Conclusion: Power, hegemony and choices
Language and Politics

John E. Joseph

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter begins with a discussion of the issue of agency – the extent to which one's actions as an individual are freely chosen; or directed, either by invisible forces like ‘society’ and ‘power’ or by more tangible ones in the form of institutions, particularly those controlled by government; or even determined, by some power that can be imagined as a historical movement (evolution), a physical key (the genetic code), or as fate or Nature or God. It then considers the broccoli theory. It concludes with a series of implications that this study has for the understanding of language generally, and for the practice of applied linguistics in particular.

Keywords:   language, linguistics, agency, power, hegemony, broccoli theory

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