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Islam, Christianity and TraditionA Comparative Exploration$
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Ian Richard Netton

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780748623914

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748623914.001.0001

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The Flight to Tradition: A Paradigm of Return and Denial

The Flight to Tradition: A Paradigm of Return and Denial

(p.106) Chapter 3 The Flight to Tradition: A Paradigm of Return and Denial
Islam, Christianity and Tradition

Ian Richard Netton

Edinburgh University Press

Theologically, tradition may embrace in Christianity both the practice of the faith as well as the faith itself, including scripture; or, more narrowly, ‘tradition may be distinguished from scripture, and taken to mean the teaching and practice of the Church, not explicitly recorded in the words of the Bible, but handed down from the beginning within the Christian community’. Tradition may embrace a sense of age-old ‘orthodoxy’ versus state autocracy. It may also be associated with fundamentalism. This chapter first looks at various definitions and distinctions of tradition in Islam and Christianity before proceeding with a discussion of the Second Vatican Council, Pope Pius X's Encyclical Pascendi Gregis and Pope Pius XII's Divino Afflante Spiritu, John XXIII and Dei Verbum, the spirit and practice of Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre, definitions and distinctions of sunna, neo-ijtihād and a return to the salaf, tradition and purification, and kénōsis.

Keywords:   Islam, tradition, Christianity, Second Vatican Council, Pope Pius X, Pope Pius XII, Marcel Lefebvre, sunna, purification, salaf

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