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Land, Faith and the Crofting CommunityChristianity and Social Criticism in the Highlands of Scotland 1843-1893$
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Allan W. MacColl

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780748623822

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748623822.001.0001

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‘The Crofters’ War': Disunity and Disorder 1886–8

‘The Crofters’ War': Disunity and Disorder 1886–8

(p.179) Chapter six ‘The Crofters’ War': Disunity and Disorder 1886–8
Land, Faith and the Crofting Community

Allan W. Maccoll

Edinburgh University Press

The bill which finally reached the statute book as the Crofters' Holdings (Scotland) Act in June 1886 was essentially based on the Irish Land Act of 1881. The only significant piece of legislation passed by Gladstone's short-lived third administration, the bill was introduced to the House of Commons in early 1886 by G. O. Trevelyan, Gladstone's Scottish Secretary, and was modelled on an earlier bill which had failed to gain Parliamentary assent the previous year. Such were the tensions after the passing of the Crofters' Act that it is unsurprising that cracks appeared in the unity of pro-land reform supporters in this period. There were two main sources of disunity from 1886 onwards. The first were the widening cleavages which emerged within the Highland Land Law Reform Association (HLLRA) bodies themselves. In addition there were differences of opinion between the HLLRA and the ministers, which drove some churchmen to adopt a critical attitude towards the land reform movement.

Keywords:   Crofters' Holdings (Scotland) Act, land reform, Highland Land Law Reform Association

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