This chapter considers belief and defends the following theory: A subject believes a proposition if and only if the subject is disposed to behave in a way that is governed by a version of practical rationality that works on the assumption that that proposition is true. Belief, on this view, is a real, causally active state of a subject. The meaning of a version of practical rationality working on an assumption is easily explained in terms of the general account of practical rationality developed in Chapter 6.
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