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Archaeology and the Emergence of Greece$
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Anthony Snodgrass

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780748623334

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748623334.001.0001

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Metalwork as Evidence for Immigration in the Late Bronze Age

Metalwork as Evidence for Immigration in the Late Bronze Age

(p.118) Chapter 6 Metalwork as Evidence for Immigration in the Late Bronze Age
Archaeology and the Emergence of Greece

Anthony Snodgrass

Edinburgh University Press

The great wave of destruction and abandonment of Mycenaean sites at or near the end of the Late Helladic IIIB period is one of the inescapable landmarks of the Aegean Late Bronze Age. For the past twenty years and more, however, many scholars have also seen it as something else: as the occasion of a mass immigration and permanent settlement in Greece of non-Mycenaean peoples. When we examine the other archaeological evidence from the Aegean, we find that the testimony of architecture, of funerary practices, of grave goods, and above all of pottery, so far from giving any suggestion of the arrival of a non-Mycenaean population, presents an almost uniform picture of the post-destruction period, the earlier part of Late Helladic IIIC, as a survival of its predecessor. There were few steps in Greek metallurgy more important than the introduction of the full-length sword to the Greek mainland. The fibula is a development of the European pin, not of Mycenaean buttons, and therefore could hardly have originated in Mycenaean Greece, where buttons were used only exceptionally.

Keywords:   Aegean, Late Bronze Age, destruction, settlement, mass immigration, Greece, architecture, metallurgy, pottery, fibula

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