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Archaeology and the Emergence of Greece$
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Anthony Snodgrass

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780748623334

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748623334.001.0001

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The Historical Significance of Fortification in Archaic Greece

The Historical Significance of Fortification in Archaic Greece

Chapter:
(p.331) Chapter 18 The Historical Significance of Fortification in Archaic Greece
Source:
Archaeology and the Emergence of Greece
Author(s):

Anthony Snodgrass

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9780748623334.003.0018

This chapter explores the historical significance of fortification in archaic Greece and deconstructs the simple concept of ‘fortification’ by showing that, even within a single period, its nature could change radically, and that the building of defensive circuits could serve radically different ends. It considers the notion that the earliest fortifications of archaic Greece are to some extent an independent response to circumstances that were often temporary. It also argues that the pre-archaic and early archaic fortifications of the Greek islands and Ionia differed from their successors in every way: their geographical distribution, their purpose, their durability, and above all their independence of any influence from earlier Aegean, or contemporary Oriental, practices. It was only in the advanced archaic period that the familiar fortified enceintes and towers of the Greek landscape first came into being.

Keywords:   Greece, fortifications, Ionia, Aegean, enceintes, towers, archaic period

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