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Archaeology and the Emergence of Greece$
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Anthony Snodgrass

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780748623334

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748623334.001.0001

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The Hoplite Reform and History

The Hoplite Reform and History

(p.309) Chapter 17 The Hoplite Reform and History
Archaeology and the Emergence of Greece

Anthony Snodgrass

Edinburgh University Press

‘The unparalleled nature of the find’ of the Panoply Tomb at Argos has now been qualified by the excavation of two other contemporary burials at the site, with helmets and other weapons. This chapter examines the archaeological evidence for the use of hoplites by Etruscans, Romans, and Greeks in warfare, as well as their possible effects on military tactics, in the critical period of the eighth and seventh centuries BC. The equipment of arms and armour, which modern writers tend to group together as the ‘hoplite panoply’, was originally a motley assemblage. The combination of all these and other elements together was an original Greek notion; as was their later association with a novel form of massed infantry tactics, the phalanx. The hoplite reform and the path to power of the early tyrants are subjects which impinge on one another in several cases, but the relationship of the two events may have to be reconsidered.

Keywords:   Panoply Tomb, Argos, hoplites, phalanx, warfare, armour, hoplite panoply, hoplite reform, tyrants, weapons

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