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Britain, Ireland and the Second World War$
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Ian S. Wood

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780748623273

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748623273.001.0001

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Northern Ireland at War

Northern Ireland at War

(p.171) 7 Northern Ireland at War
Britain, Ireland and the Second World War

Ian S. Wood

Edinburgh University Press

When war came in 1939, Northern Ireland was still scarred by some of the worst poverty and deprivation to be found anywhere in the British Isles. Industries such as shipbuilding and textiles had begun to lose markets after 1918, and Britain's decision in 1925 to take Britain back onto the Gold Standard pushed up the bank rate, with severely adverse effects on both investment and exports. But the overall performance of Northern Ireland's industries improved as the war went on. This applied not just to heavy engineering but also to textile production. One effect of Northern Ireland's wartime need for labour was a much-increased movement across its border by Éire citizens who may not have relished the longer trip to England or Scotland, but who needed work that the north could provide.

Keywords:   Second World War, Northern Ireland, wartime labour

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