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European Cinemas in the Television Age$
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Dorota Ostrowska and Graham Roberts

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780748623082

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748623082.001.0001

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Germany: Screen Wars: German National Cinema in the Age of Television

Germany: Screen Wars: German National Cinema in the Age of Television

(p.71) 6. Germany: Screen Wars: German National Cinema in the Age of Television
European Cinemas in the Television Age

Margit Grieb

Will Lehman

Edinburgh University Press

Television in Germany represents an especially interesting case within Europe due to the country's division after 1949 into two sovereign nations, with radically different trajectories concerning the role of the arts. After World War II, developments in television commenced in the Federal Republic of Germany and resulted in the establishment of the first public broadcasting station, the NWDR, in 1952, and two years later, the ARD. In the 1950s and early 1960s, initial attempts to establish a productive relationship between cinema and television were underway and feature films began to be broadcast on TV. However, these cross-media experiments were not well received by critics or the public and were given the derogatory label ‘Pantoffelkino’ (slipper cinema). Furthermore, many within the film industry blamed the dramatic decrease in cinema spectatorship on the emergence of television, tainting the reputation of the latter. It was not until the 1970s that television began to play an important role in the development of a German national cinema.

Keywords:   German television, fascism, German national cinema, Germany

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