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Robert BruceAnd the Community of the Realm of Scotland$
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G W S Barrow

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780748620227

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748620227.001.0001

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Experiments in Guardianship

Experiments in Guardianship

(p.119) Six Experiments in Guardianship
Robert Bruce

G.W.S. Barrow

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter examines the work of William Wallace and Andrew Murray (d. 1297) as Guardians of Scotland 1297-8. Starting with an examination of the titles they used, and noting that John Balliol, by 1297 in English custody, was still recognised as king, it goes on to look at Wallace's invasion of Northumberland 1297 and the election of William Lamberton as bishop of St Andrews late in that year. Lamberton was to help build up diplomatic contacts with Pope Boniface VIII. Edward I led an army into Scotland in 1298, defeating Wallace at Falkirk; the latter now stepped down as Guardian, while Robert Bruce (the future king) and John Comyn of Badenoch were elected Guardians in the latter half of 1298.

Keywords:   William Wallace, Guardians of Scotland, William Lamberton, Pope Boniface VIII, Edward I, Falkirk, Robert Bruce, John Comyn of Badenoch

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