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Robert BruceAnd the Community of the Realm of Scotland$
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G W S Barrow

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780748620227

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748620227.001.0001

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Two Kinds of War

Two Kinds of War

(p.91) Five Two Kinds of War
Robert Bruce

G.W.S. Barrow

Edinburgh University Press

Edward's response to these developments was to besiege and sack Berwick in the spring of 1296, defeat the Scottish army at Dunbar and lead his invasion force as far north as Elgin, removing treasures, such as the Stone of Destiny, on the way. Scottish landowners had to swear fealty to Edward. By August 1296 Edward was once more on his way south, leaving Earl Warenne as an (absentee) lieutenant and Hugh Cressingham as treasurer. In 1297 William Wallace attacked English officials in Lanarkshire and Perthshire, while Andrew Murray did likewise in the north. At Stirling Bridge Wallace defeated an English force under Warenne and Cressingham.

Keywords:   Edward I, Berwick, Dunbar, Stone of Destiny, Earl Warenne, Hugh Cressingham, William Wallace, Stirling Bridge

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