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Robert BruceAnd the Community of the Realm of Scotland$
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G W S Barrow

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780748620227

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748620227.001.0001

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Bruce of Annandale

Bruce of Annandale

(p.27) Two Bruce of Annandale
Robert Bruce

G.W.S. Barrow

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter opens by tracing the family history of the Bruces. In the twelfth century King David I of Scotland granted land in Annandale, controlling one of the main routes into southwestern Scotland, to Robert Bruce, a Norman landowner in Yorkshire; his younger son inherited this and established the line of Bruces in Scotland. The fifth Bruce to hold Annandale (Robert Bruce the Competitor, grandfather of the eventual king) was a descendant through his mother of David I, which gave him a claim to the Scottish throne after the death of the infant Queen Margaret in 1290. By that date, the Guardians had already negotiated with Edward I to arrange marriage between Margaret and the future Edward II; on her death, they invited Edward to decide which of the possible claimants to the Scottish throne should be king, the two strongest claimants being John Balliol and Robert Bruce.

Keywords:   Bruce family, Annandale, Robert Bruce the Competitor, Queen Margaret (the Maid of Norway), Edward I, John Balliol

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