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Robert BruceAnd the Community of the Realm of Scotland$
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G W S Barrow

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780748620227

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748620227.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 26 September 2021

War and Peace

War and Peace

(p.304) Thirteen War and Peace
Robert Bruce

G.W.S. Barrow

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter deals with events between Bannockburn and the Treaty of Edinburgh 1328, examining why it took Bruce so long to obtain peace on his terms. Bruce and Douglas led frequent raids into Northern England; these, though very damaging to the northern English economy, had little resonance on the centre of English government in the south. International support for Scotland was weaker than it had been at the start of the fourteenth century; Boniface VIII's successors were inclined to agree with the English case and Philip IV's successors were less powerful than he had been. The Scots made a concerted attempt to counter English arguments at the papal curia, the chief example of which was the Declaration of Arbroath (1320; more fully discussed in chapter 14). Meanwhile Edward II's own position was crumbling and on his deposition in 1327 the Scots attacked Northern England once more; finally the young Edward III's regents agreed to make peace.

Keywords:   Treaty of Edinburgh, Robert Bruce, James Douglas, Northern England, Declaration of Arbroath, Edward II, Edward III

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