War and Peace
War and Peace
This chapter deals with events between Bannockburn and the Treaty of Edinburgh 1328, examining why it took Bruce so long to obtain peace on his terms. Bruce and Douglas led frequent raids into Northern England; these, though very damaging to the northern English economy, had little resonance on the centre of English government in the south. International support for Scotland was weaker than it had been at the start of the fourteenth century; Boniface VIII's successors were inclined to agree with the English case and Philip IV's successors were less powerful than he had been. The Scots made a concerted attempt to counter English arguments at the papal curia, the chief example of which was the Declaration of Arbroath (1320; more fully discussed in chapter 14). Meanwhile Edward II's own position was crumbling and on his deposition in 1327 the Scots attacked Northern England once more; finally the young Edward III's regents agreed to make peace.
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