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Robert BruceAnd the Community of the Realm of Scotland$
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G W S Barrow

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780748620227

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748620227.001.0001

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The Turn of the Tide

The Turn of the Tide

(p.245) Eleven The Turn of the Tide
Robert Bruce

G.W.S. Barrow

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter traces events in Scotland 1309-14. For most of this period Lothian and the Merse with their castles of Edinburgh, Roxburgh and Berwick were in English hands. Bruce forced the inhabitants of this area to pay blackmail and also undertook raids into the northern English counties on a regular basis. Most of the castles still in English hands in 1309 had been captured by the spring of 1314, some by attrition and some through daring rope-ladder attacks led by James Douglas and Thomas Randolph. Stirling, besieged in 1313 by Robert Bruce's brother Edward, was allowed a one-year truce until the summer of 1314.

Keywords:   Lothian, Edinburgh, Roxburgh, Berwick, James Douglas, Thomas Randolph, Edward Bruce, Stirling

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