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Julius CaesarThe People's Dictator$
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Luciano Canfora

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780748619368

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748619368.001.0001

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The Long Civil War

The Long Civil War

(p.229) Chapter 26 The Long Civil War
Julius Caesar
Luciano Canfora, Julian Stringer
Edinburgh University Press

The distinguishing feature of this civil war, different from all the others between the first century bc and the third century ad, was that it never ended. The forces in the field remained in balance, neither side able to achieve conclusive military success. For Caesar, the most urgent imperative each time was to achieve decisive victory on the field of battle, and, immediately or at the same time, to seek a political solution that would re-establish the balance of power. Hence his policy of clementia, and hence his chosen solution: ‘Caesarism’ (dictatorship) plus accord with the aristocracy.

Keywords:   Julius Caesar, civil war, clementia, Caesarism, dictatorship

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