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Julius CaesarThe People's Dictator$
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Luciano Canfora

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780748619368

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748619368.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 28 March 2020

Attacking the World with Five Cohorts

Attacking the World with Five Cohorts

Chapter:
(p.141) Chapter 18 Attacking the World with Five Cohorts
Source:
Julius Caesar
Author(s):
Luciano Canfora, Julian Stringer
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9780748619368.003.0018

On the eve of civil war, in December 50 bc and the first week of January 49 bc, illegality became official where one would least expect it: in the Senate. It was the new consuls who, immediately on taking office, personally sanctioned the break with legality. In their start-of-year report on the state of the republic they spoke as if Caesar had already been proscribed. Lentulus Crus declared that: he will not fail the republic if the senators are willing to express their opinions with boldness and resolution; but if they pay regard to Caesar and try to win favour with him as they have on previous occasions, he says he will consider his own interests and will not obey their authority. The same threat was made by his colleague Scipio, who said that Pompey was not inclined to desert the republic if the Senate followed him; but if it did not back him, it would in vain solicit his aid should it wish to do so in the future. When Caesar recounts these details he selects his material carefully, to make clear that his enemies have violated the law.

Keywords:   Julius Caesar, senate, civil war, illegality, consuls, Pompey, Lentulis Crus, Scipio

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