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Julius CaesarThe People's Dictator$
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Luciano Canfora

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780748619368

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748619368.001.0001

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The First Consulship (59 bc)

The First Consulship (59 bc)

(p.78) Chapter 11 The First Consulship (59 BC)
Julius Caesar
Luciano Canfora, Julian Stringer
Edinburgh University Press

Having become effectively a ‘consul without a colleague’, but with a Senate hardly disposed to be magnanimous, Caesar pursued an overtly ‘popularist’ line: sharing out the ager Campanus (the Campanian Territory) and the campus Stella (the ‘plain called Stellas’) among 20,000 citizens who had three children or more; reducing by one third the tax debt of tax-farmers. He needed to give his traditional power base tangible and positive signs that he was in control. But signs of unrest were also apparent among the people. Among Caesar's legislative measures in the year 59 bc the law on extortion stands out in particular. This was the most comprehensive legislation on the subject enacted up to that point, and in its essentials it remained in force for a very long time.

Keywords:   Julius Caesar, consul, tax-farmers, extortion law

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