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American Independent CinemaAn Introduction$
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Yannis Tzioumakis

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780748618668

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748618668.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 07 April 2020

Independence by Force: The Effects of the Paramount Decree on Independent Film Production

Independence by Force: The Effects of the Paramount Decree on Independent Film Production

Chapter:
(p.101) 3 Independence by Force: The Effects of the Paramount Decree on Independent Film Production
Source:
American Independent Cinema
Author(s):

Yannis Tzioumakis

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9780748618668.003.0004

The chapter examines the impact of the Paramount Decree of 1948, a Supreme Court decision that aimed to break the oligopoly of the studios in the American film industry, on independent production. The decision, alongside a number of other factors that included audience declines, the introduction of television and changes in the industry, turned the film studios from producers to financers of top-rank independent production, effectively adopting this mode of filmmaking as their preferred method of operation. Top-rank independent filmmaking then became interchangeable with studio filmmaking, even though a number of creative filmmakers continued to make films that prevented Hollywood cinema from complete standardisation. The chapter also examines how United Artists emerged as the most successful Hollywood studio in the post-Paramount Decree era, primarily through its support of top-rank independent production. Case study: Stanley Kramer and its Lomitas Production films for United Artists.

Keywords:   Paramount Decree, Top-rank independent production, Studio production, United Artists, Major studios

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