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An Alternative InternetRadical Media, Politics and Creativity$
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Chris Atton

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780748617692

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748617692.001.0001

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(p.156) Conclusion
An Alternative Internet

Chris Atton

Edinburgh University Press

While communication between fans may have been ameliorated through the Internet, it is mistaken to think that the formation of an international taste community was impossible or unsustainable before the Internet. International networks of fans have long histories. It is to some extent a matter of degree — the use of the Internet as an occasion for the construction and development of alternative media has multiple outcomes. Communities whose activities must not be thought as determined by the Internet have emerged with embedded radicalised notions of freedom, intellectual property rights and creativity into Internet practice. Alternative media practices are hybrid practices that embody continuation as well as reform and rupture. They are not to be understood solely in relation to political activism.

Keywords:   Internet, alternative media, fans, freedom, intellectual property rights, creativity, political activism

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