While communication between fans may have been ameliorated through the Internet, it is mistaken to think that the formation of an international taste community was impossible or unsustainable before the Internet. International networks of fans have long histories. It is to some extent a matter of degree — the use of the Internet as an occasion for the construction and development of alternative media has multiple outcomes. Communities whose activities must not be thought as determined by the Internet have emerged with embedded radicalised notions of freedom, intellectual property rights and creativity into Internet practice. Alternative media practices are hybrid practices that embody continuation as well as reform and rupture. They are not to be understood solely in relation to political activism.
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