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A History of Scottish Philosophy$
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Alexander Broadie

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780748616275

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748616275.001.0001

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John Duns Scotus

John Duns Scotus

(p.7) Chapter 2 John Duns Scotus
A History of Scottish Philosophy

Alexander Broadie

Edinburgh University Press

John Duns Scotus was born in the village of Duns in Berwickshire in the Scottish Borders, and God was the focal point of almost all of his thinking. He writes against both the negative interpretation and the analogical interpretation of religious language, while accepting that the two interpretations are not wholly wrong. Scotus's doctrine of the univocity of being does not imply that there can be in the world a being that is neither finite nor infinite, neither created nor uncreated. This chapter discusses his immensely influential doctrines regarding individuals and universals, and also describes the relation between intellect and will and the nature of the unity that they form. It addresses the question of how Scotus's doctrine stands in relation to the politics of Scotland in the first two decades of the fourteenth century, and in particular to the Declaration of the Clergy and the Declaration of Arbroath.

Keywords:   John Duns Scotus, God, univocity, religious language, intellect, will, politics, Scotland, Declaration of Clergy, Declaration of Arbroath

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