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The CeltsA History from Earliest Times to the Present$
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Bernhard Maier

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780748616053

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748616053.001.0001

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Gaul before the Roman Conquest

Gaul before the Roman Conquest

(p.55) Chapter 4 Gaul before the Roman Conquest
The Celts

Bernhard Maier

Edinburgh University Press

This article begins with a discussion of the rise of fortified centres, known in Anglo-Saxon and German archaeology as oppida. Like the princely centres of the sixth and fifth centuries bc, the oppida were mostly situated on high ground, on bends in rivers or in similarly protected places. They differ fundamentally, however, from all sites in earlier and later centuries in their great size, sometimes occupying several hundred hectares. The discussion then turns to late Celtic cults and rites, and the decline of the continental Celts.

Keywords:   oppida, towns, fortified centres, Celts, Celtic cults, Celtic rites

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