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The CeltsA History from Earliest Times to the Present$
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Bernhard Maier

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780748616053

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748616053.001.0001

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Scotland from Culloden to 1945

Scotland from Culloden to 1945

(p.217) Chapter 20 Scotland from Culloden to 1945
The Celts

Bernhard Maier

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter traces the history of Scotland from Culloden to 1945. It details the transformation of the Highlands in the late eighteenth century when landowners, with the backing of the government and the military, moved increasingly to drive the crofters and day-labourers from their land in order to use it for the more profitable business of sheep-rearing. As a result of these ‘clearances’, broad swathes of land were left depopulated and the displaced inhabitants forced into poverty. The chapter then describes the works of James Macpherson and Sir Walter Scott, and discusses modern Gaelic literature.

Keywords:   Highlands, James Macpherson, Sir Walter Scott, modern Gaelic literature

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