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The CeltsA History from Earliest Times to the Present$
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Bernhard Maier

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780748616053

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748616053.001.0001

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Brittany from Prehistory to the Union with France

Brittany from Prehistory to the Union with France

(p.184) Chapter 16 Brittany from Prehistory to the Union with France
The Celts

Bernhard Maier

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter traces the history of Brittany from prehistory to the union with France. In December 1491 Anne married Charles VIII of France and, after his death in 1499, his successor Louis XII. Their daughter Claude married Francis of Angoulême, the heir to the French throne. This joining of the Breton and French states and dynasties came to completion in 1532, when Francis I proclaimed the ‘union in perpetuity’ of Brittany and France. When Brythonic Celts migrated to Brittany in the late classical period, they brought with them their insular Celtic tongue, from which the Breton language, closely related to Cornish and Welsh, would later evolve. From the Old Breton period (between the sixth and eleventh centuries) almost all that has come down to us is explanatory glosses to Latin texts and names of people and places.

Keywords:   Bretons, French, Celts, Breton language

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