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Hellenistic EgyptMonarchy, Society, Economy, Culture$
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Roger Bagnall and Jean Bingen

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780748615780

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748615780.001.0001

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Cleopatra Vii Philopatris

Cleopatra Vii Philopatris

(p.57) Chapter 4 Cleopatra Vii Philopatris
Hellenistic Egypt

Jean Bingen


In 37/36 BCE, Cleopatra changed her reckoning of the years of her reign from a simple “year 16” to “year 16 which is also year 1.” The reasons lie in a change in royal ideology linked to her recovery of some of the old Ptolemaic possessions outside Egypt by gift from Mark Antony. At the same time, she changed her titles. One of the added titles was philopatris, “homeland-loving.” This chapter argues that the homeland in question was not Egypt or Alexandria, but Macedonia, the home of her ancestor Ptolemy son of Lagos, the founder of her dynasty. The title helps to link her to the heritage of Alexander the Great (see chapter 1).

Keywords:   monarchy, Cleopatra, Alexander the Great, Macedonia, Mark Antony

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