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Hellenistic EgyptMonarchy, Society, Economy, Culture$
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Roger Bagnall and Jean Bingen

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780748615780

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748615780.001.0001

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The Cavalry Settlers of the Herakleopolite in the First Century

The Cavalry Settlers of the Herakleopolite in the First Century

(p.132) Chapter 11 The Cavalry Settlers of the Herakleopolite in the First Century
Hellenistic Egypt

Jean Bingen

Edinburgh University Press

The last 75 years of the Ptolemaic monarchy are less well documented in the papyri than earlier centuries, but several groups of documents from the Herakleopolite nome (south of modern Cairo) have yielded a lot of information about military settlers on the land in this area in the first century BCE. These settlers are particularly cavalrymen, and it is about their holdings that these documents inform us. These relatively large allotments of farmland are mostly rented out in smaller plots to cultivators. Transfers of land within the settler group show the land was neither fully controlled by the government nor freely owned by the settlers, who appear to be a socially and economically closed group.

Keywords:   agriculture, cavalry settlers, Thracians, leasing, cleruchs

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